Southeastern Cherokee Confederacy of Pennsylvania
Earth Band

Cherokee Treaties in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Many treaties were made with the Cherokee Nation
and the United States Government between 1785 and 1868.

Did you know that there were two treaties made
in the City of Philadelphia?


February 17, 1792 /A/

It is hereby mutually agreed between Henry Knox, Secretary of War,  duly authorized  thereto in behalf of the United States, on the one part, and the undersigned chiefs and warriors, in behalf of themselves and the Cherokee Nation, on the other part, that the following article shall be added to and considered as part of the treaty made between the United States and the said Cherokee Nation on the second day of July, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-one; to wit:

The sum to be paid annually by the United States to the Cherokee Nation of Indians, in consideration of the relinquishment of land, as stated in the treated made with them on the second day of July, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-one, shall be one thousand five hundred dollars instead of one thousand dollars, mentioned in the said treaty. /B/

In testimony whereof, the said Henry Knox, Secretary of War, and the said chiefs and warriors of the Cherokee Nation have hereunto set their hands and seals, in the city of Philadelphia, this seventeenth day of February, in the year of our Lord, one thousand, seven hundred and ninety-two.

H. Knox, Secretary of War, (L.S.)

Iskagua, or Clear Sky, his X mark (formerly Nenetooyah, or Bloody Fellow), (L.S.)

Nontuaka, or the Northward, his X mark (L.S.)

Chutloh, or King Fisher, his X mark (L.S.)

Katigoslah, or the Prince, his X mark (L.S.)

Teesteke, or Common Disturber, his X mark (L.S.)

Suaka, or George Miller, his X mark (L.S.)

In the presence of:

Thomas Grooter.

Jno. Staff, Jr.

Leonard D. Shaw

James Swery, sworn interpreter to the Cherokee Nation

A/ Proclamation, February 17, 1792.  B/ Increase of annual payment to Indians.


7 Stat., 43
Proclamation, January 21, 1795

WHEREAS the treaty made and concluded on Holston River, on the second day of July, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-one, between the United States of America and the Cherokee Nation of Indians has not been fully carried into execution by reason of some misunderstanding which has arisen:

ARTICLE 1. And whereas the undersigned Henry Knox, Secretary for the Department of War being authorized thereto by the President of the United States, in behalf, in behalf of the said United States, and the undersigned Chiefs and Warriors, in their own names, and in behalf of the whole Cherokee Nation, are desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship between the said parties in a permanent manner,

Do hereby declare, that the said treaty of Holston is, to all intents and purposes, in full force and binding upon the said parties, as well in respect to the boundaries therein mentioned as in all other respects whatever.

ARTICLE 2. It is hereby stipulated that the boundaries mentioned in the fourth article of the said treaty shall be actually ascertained and marked in th emanner prescribed by the said article, whenever the Cherokee Nation shall have ninety days notice of the time and place at which the commissioners of the United States intend to commence their operation.

ARTICLE 3. The United States, to evince the justice by amply compensating the said Cherokee Nation of Indians for all relinquishments of land made either by the treaty of Hopewell upon the Keowee River, concluded on the twenty-eighth of November, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-five, or the aforesaid treaty made upon Holston River, on the second of July, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-one, do hereby stipulate, in lieu of all former sums to be paid annually to furnish the Cherokee Indians with goods suitable for their use, to the amount of five thousand dollars yearly.

ARTICLE 4. And the said Cherokee Nation, in order to evince the sincerity of their intentions in future, to prevent the practice of stealing horses, attended with the most pernicious consequences to the lives and peace of both parties, do herebyagree, that for every horse shall be stolen from the white inhabitants by any Cherokee Indians, and not returned within three months, that the sum of fifty dollars shall be deducted from the said annuity of five thousand dollars.

ARTICLE 5. The articles now stipulated will be considered as permanent additions to the treaty of Holston, as soon as they shall have been ratified by the President of the United States and the Senate of the United  States.

In witness of all and every thing herein determined between the United States of America and the whole Cherokee Nation, the parties have hereunto set their hands and seals in the City of Philadelphia, within the United States, this twenty-sixth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four.

H. Knox, Secretary of War
Takakisskee, or Taken Out of the Water, his X mark
Nontuaka, or the North Arc, his X mark
Cinasaw, or the Cabin, his X mark
Skyuka, his X mark
Chuquiiatague, or Double Head, his X mark
John MeCleemoe, his X mark
Walaliue, or the Humming Bird
Chuleowee, his X mark
Ustanaqua, his X mark
Kullusathee, his X mark
Siteaha, his X mark
Keenaguna, or the Lying  Fawn, his X mark
Chatakaelesa,or the  Fowl Carrier

Done in presence of -

John Thompson
William Wofford,of the State of Georgia.
Arthur Coodey, Interpretors,
W. McCaleb, of South Carolina.
Cantwell Jones, of Delaware.
Samuel Lewis, of Philadelphia.